Town Profile

Demographic Sector

Demographic analysis provides the current situation of the population in various terms of analysis – age group, level of urbanization, population density and crude rates. These serve as bases of comparison and sectoral analysis for the formulation of policies, programs, and projects.

Population Composition


As of the last censal year of 2015, the total population of Talisay is 45,301. There is almost equal distribution of sexes with 25,968 (50.1%) males and 25,864 (49.9%) females. And using NSO computed annual growth rate of 2.73% from 2015 to 2020 the 2020 population projected is 51,832.


The total labor force is 24, 106, however only 20, 272 are considered under the working age of 15-64. There is a high working force that could be considered from the possible labor force, accounted at 84.09%.

Total dependency ratio is accounted at 73.93% or 14, 988 of the population. It is characterized by the young population (0-14 years old) at 13, 238, while the old dependents at 1, 750. The high young dependency ratio (65.3%) is reflective of the young population. The total labor force is 61.62%.


With regards to school going age population, the young population is reflective of 10, 649 students in elementary education. Furthermore, tertiary education is attended by 1, 096, while secondary education with 14, 966.


Sex ratios provide that there are many male on school goers (52%), dependent young population (52%), and working age (51%) compare with female working age.


Other Population Characteristics


a. Marital Status


There is a total of 13,934 (or 46.31% ) married members of population, which are highly distributed between the age of 30-34, 35-39, 25-29, 30-34, 40-44, 45-19, 50-54, and 20-24. There are 170 cases of marriage below 20 years old, while live-in or cohabitation is accounted at 3.0% of the population, Married member of the working age of the population, Moreover, co-habitation and young marriages contribute to the increase of the population and its dependency ratio.


The remaining 13,267 or 44.09% of dingle is highly characterized by young population below 20 years old with 7,853.


b. Literacy Rate


On education, there is a total of 38.26% high school graduates, while 27.22% received full elementary education, Only a few at 0.08% earned post baccalaureate degrees, However, a 3.56% and 1.46% is categorized for no grade completed and not stated, respectively.


There is 96.44% functional literacy in the municipality, Functional Literacy is considered to be the attained education of at least one grade in basic elementary education.


c. Mother Tongue


Most Taliseños speak / or with Tagalog origin. Other languages include English, Bicolano, Ilocano and others.


d. Religious Affiliation


Most of the Taliseños are Roman Catholics, while other dominant religion includes:


NAME OF RELIGION TOTAL POPULATION PERCENTAGE NO. OF POPULATION


  • Roman Catholic 51,832 95.35% 49,421.81


  • Baptist 51,832 1.98% 1,026.27


  • Protestant 51,832 0.85% 440.57


  • Seventh Day Adventist 51,832 0.66% 342.09


  • Iglesia ni Kristo 51,832 0.57% 295.44


  • Aglipay 51,832 0.14% 72.56


  • Jehovah's Witness 51,832 0.14% 72.56


  • Mormons 51,832 0.03% 15.55


  • Others 51,832 0.28% 145.13


ENVIRONMENTAL SECTOR


Geographical, Administrative and Political Domain


Location, Boundaries and Coordinates

The Municipality of Talisay is located within 120º 57’ 37.62” – 121º 3’ 1.12” Longitude and 14º 4’ 37.7” – 14º 8’ 32.39” Latitude of the northern part of Batangas. It is bounded by Tagaytay City in the North, Tanauan city in the East, Municipality of Laurel in the West, and Taal Lake in the South.


The municipality of Talisay bounded on the north by Tagaytay City, Laurel on the west, Tanauan on the east and the Taal Lake on the south. It is located some 86 kilometers southward of Manila and about 74 kilometers northward of the Batangas provincial capitol.


Municipal Land Area


Talisay has a land area of 3, 797.33 hectares (GIS Computed by Geo Info metrics Solutions Co.), however, Talisay’s has boundary disputes with the neighboring Municipalities as well as with the City of Tagaytay which is beyond the realm of the planning work to resolve. Three boundary definitions come from at least three different sources of information: the Land Use Classification Map (LC3553) from NAMRIA which is 3, 325has, the 1993 NAMRIA Topographic and Political Boundaries Map which is 3, 799has and the 1994 PCTT Framework Plan which is 2, 822has.


Political Units


Talisay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. It is politically subdivided into 21 barangays, namely:

Aya

Balas

Banga

Buco

Caloocan

Leynes

Miranda

Poblacion Barangay 1

Poblacion Barangay 2

Poblacion Barangay 3

Poblacion Barangay 4

Poblacion Barangay 5

Poblacion Barangay 6

Poblacion Barangay 7

Poblacion Barangay 8

Quiling

Sampaloc

San Guillermo

Santa Maria

Tranca and;

Tumaway


Natural and Physical Characteristics


Topography and Slopes


A rugged and undulating terrain is common on all slopes from the Tagaytay Ridge down to the lake below. Talisay is situated along the lakefront and its topography is a longitudinal traversing of many minor ridges and drainage basins (valleys).


The terrain of Talisay can be best described as having a gently rolling to steeping undulating landform. Most of the lakefront areas are generally flat except for the western most barangay, Sampaloc where the drop is quite abrupt. The highest elevation, rising more than 560 meters, is located near the Tagaytay City boundary in northern Quiling. The slope of the area ranges from 0% to more than 50% slopes. About a quarter or 1, 652 hectares of the municipality fall within the 12% maximum gradient for roads. About half or approximately 1, 949 hectares are within the maximum economically buildable slope range of 18%.

Climatological Data


Climate Data


The municipality of Talisay falls under the Type I category of the Philippine Climate Corona Classification, which has distinct or pronounced seasons, namely: dry and wet.


The west season starts from May to October. The average rainfall is 29.5 centimeters with an average wind velocity and average cloudiness or sky coverage of 7.1 knots in the directions of southwest and northeast. This is also characterized by typhoons coming from the eastern Luzon. During this period, wind velocity increases with extreme cloudiness. There occurs a maximum rainfall-causing flood to the locality. Intense coldness it felt by people to the detriment of their health. On the other hand, dry season starts from November to April.


Meteorological Data


Temperature – The average minimum temperature in Talisay is recorded at 22.7 ºC, and a maximum temperature of 32.1 ºC. Annual mean temperature: 27.4 ºC. Warmest months in Talisay are April and Amy, while warmest months are July to September, when rainfall is almost 3/5 of annual rains. Coldest Months are December and January, when lowest monthly mean temperatures have been recorded: 25.4 ºC (January), 25.8 ºC (December).


Rainfall – The annual average rainfall in the Province is 1, 906.80 millimeters, while the monthly average is 158.9 millimeters. Heavy rains occur during months of June to November with an average monthly rainfall of 268.35 millimeters.


Wind patterns – Average wind velocity and average cloudiness or sky coverage of 7.1 knots in the directions of southwest and northeast.


Soil Types and Suitability


Soil type


There are generally two types of soil area. The TAAL LOAM found along the lakeshore areas and the TAGAYTAY LOAM in the steeper terrains.


The Taal loam belongs to Taal soil series, the formation of which was influenced largely by the successive eruptions of Taal Volcano. The surface soil is generally grayish brown to light gray when dry and dark brown to nearly black when wet. The subsoil ids light gray to grayish brown. The substratum is composed of loose sand and gravel in some places and tuffaceous and gravel in other places. This type of soil is easy to work on and is suitable to grow upland rice and other cash crops such as corn, sugar cane, coconut, citrus, coffee, pineapple, avocado and a variety of vegetables. Basically, Taal Loam is conducive to agricultural production.


On the other hand, Tagaytay Loam contains fine sandy materials, moderately friable, and easy to work on when moist. In an undisturbed condition, it breaks and becomes hard when dry.


Land Suitable/Land Capability


Certain potions of Talisay are very much suited for Agriculture, especially growing crops and seeing/sapling production.


Generally, land capability based on the data from BSWM shows low suitability for built uses due to its soil type, very steep (50 and above %), low-high elevation (5-522 meters), permeability and perennial flooding incidence. It is classified as Class D, characterized as: fairly good land and must be cultivated with extra caution; which requires careful management and complex conservation practices for safe cultivation. It is more suitable for pasture or forest


Groundwater Resources


Talisay is classified into two (2) general groundwater availability classifications:


  • I-C (local and less productive aquifers)

  • III-A (Rocks with limited potential, low to moderate permeability).


The eastern part of Talisay which includes the whole of Barangay Tumaway, Quiling, Tranca, and Aya, the eastern half of Barangay Miranda and Barangay Banga, and Poblacion 1-8 belongs to the I-C classifications. This region has less productive aquifers. Aquifers are wet underground layers of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using water well. Further, I-C yields mostly about 2L/s but as high as 20L/s in some sites, with very low to moderate permeability.


The western part of Talisay which include Barangay Sampaloc, Leynes, Caloocan, Buco, Balas, San Guillermo, Sta. Maria, a huge portion of Barangay Banga, and the western part of Barangay Miranda, fall under classification III-A. This means the area is not a potential sole source of drinking water, due to insufficient yield.


All in all, Talisay has a total of 29 man-made ground water sources, including Tagaytay Highlands, Tagaytay Midlands, Highland’s International Golf Club Inc., Fil-estate Property Corp., the Municipality of Talisay and Barangay Waterworks, and various private individuals.


Surface Water, Drainage and Catchment Areas


Local Rivers and Creeks


Talisay has two (2) rivers, and fifteen (15) creeks comprising its waterway system. The Caloocan River located at Brgy. Caloocan and the Bignay River located in Brgy. Aya. Creek systems all over Talisay comprise the following: Angasin Creek at Brgy. Aya, Quiling Creeks I & II, Tanza Creek at Begy. Tumaway, Zigaras Creek and Banga Creeks II, III & IV at Brgy. Banga, Sta. Maria Creeks I, II & III, Buco Creek, and Balas Creeks I and II. All draining to the Taal Lake.


Taal Lake


A caldera lake has been formed partly by the collapse of large volcanic crater and partly by subsidence. Subsequent volcanic activity has modified the morphometry of the lake. During the 10th century, it was connected to the sea at Balayan Bay by wide channel, but an extremely powerful eruption of the Taal Volcano in 1754 rearranged the shape of the lake and narrowed then outlet to form the present day Pansipit River, the lake’s only outflow, which leaves the lake in its southwest corner and travels about 10km to the sea.


A high ridge, part of the crater wall, rises to 640 m above sea level to the northwest of the lake, upon which is located the chief town in the catchment area, Tagaytay City to the south and east, the land is more gently sloping.


Catchment Areas


The catchment area is largely deforested and given over to agriculture/agro forestry (e.g. coconut cultivation, coffee, cocoa and cassava). Other areas are dominated by grassland (Imperata cylindrica) and there is some livestock raising.


There is very little industry in the catchment area at present. Major threats to the lake include over-exploitation of fishery resources, inappropriate development for tourism and plans to use the lake water for irrigation and domestic water supply.


There are nine (9) major water catchment areas identified for Talisay. Catchment No. 1 has been tagged as the largest with an estimated area of about 991.45 hectares located near the western portion of the municipality. The potential volume of water that can be impounded for this catchment area has been computed at 8, 917.70 cubic meter. The potential volume that can be impounded can supplement the town’s water supply needs in the future.


A large portion of the catchment is beyond the northern boundary of Talisay extending all way up to the ridge to the north.


Geologic and Hydro-geologic Hazards


Based on historical accounts on Taal Volcano, there have been thirty-three (33) eruptions from 1572. Taal’s eruptions range from one (1) day to six (6) months. Its dormancy lasts from one (1) to sixty-two (62) years. Taal has a relatively shorter repose period between eruptions. It’s more violent eruptions occurred in 1754, 1991 and 1965. The 1991 eruption had a zone of destruction as far as 19-kilometer diameter of electrical discharges. There were also recorded vertical displacements of about 1 to 2 meters along the shoreline of the first sunken site of Tanauan – which is located in front of the present-day Talisay.


Climate and Typhoon Path


Based on a thirty-five year record (1961-1985) climate study of the PAGASA station at Ambulong Climate Station in Tanauan, Talisay falls under Type 1 climate. This type is generally characterized by wet and dry season with fairly uniform temperature.


The annual average rainfall in the Province is 1, 906.80 millimeters, while the monthly average is 158.9 millimeters. Heavy rains occur during months of June to November with an average monthly rainfall of 268.35 millimeters.


Talisay, over a 47 year period from 1948 to 1994, experienced about 9 tropical depressions, 23 tropical storms and 32 typhoons – for a total of 64 weather disturbances. Most of these weather anomalies generally form in the North Pacific Ocean region and moves in a west-northwest direction towards the country.


Fault Line and Tsunami-prone Areas


The Manila Trench subduction zone is an active convergent plate margin between the South China Sea and the northern Philippines. Manila trench as a straight line from 13-18ºN which swerves abruptly to ESE at latitudes lower than 13ºN because of a collision of micro-continental fragments with Mindoro and Panay islands.


The depth of the Manila Trench exceeds 5000m west of Manila Bay.Taal Volcano: A Historical Background


Distance from Poblacion to Taal Volcano Island Shore 5.2 Km


From Taal Volcano Island Shore to Crater 2.138 Km.


Taal Volcano, though considered as the lowest volcano in the world, is one of the deadliest in the Philippines. Volcanologists consider Taal as one of the world’s ten (10) deadliest volcanoes. Together with Mayon Volcano, Taal is one of the most observed because of the unpredictability of its behavior. In 1989 up to 1990 it showed signs of abnormality but was considered within background levels. However, PHIVOLCS is maintaining close watch.


Based on historical accounts on Taal Volcano, there have been thirty-three (33) eruptions from 1572. Taal’s eruption range from one (1) day to six (6) months. Its dormancy lasts from one (1) to sixty-two (62) years. Taal has a relatively shorter repose period between eruptions. The more violent eruptions occurred in 1754, 1911 and 1965. The 1911 eruption had a zone of destruction as far as 19-kilometer diameter of electrical discharges. There were also recorded vertical displacements of about 1 to 2 meters along the shoreline of the fist sunken site of Tanauan – which is located in front of the present-day Talisay.


General Land and Water Use


Existing Land Area Use


Area per land use category and percentage to total land area


Generally, the predominant land use in Talisay is forest/non-agricultural, with a total area of 2, 396.56 hectares, or 46.34% of the total area; protected areas, which includes the Talisay portion of the Taal Volcano with 1, 376.20 has (26.34%), and agriculture areas with 699.06 has.(13.52%).


The remaining 13.53% consists of built-up areas, mostly consisting of Residential use with 406.97 hectares (7.87%), Commercial areas 184.3 has.(3.56%), Roads 44.21 has. (0.85%), Industrial areas - 0.98 has (0.02%), Agro-Industrial Areas – 10.56 has.(0.20%) Institutional 6.69 has (0.13%), and recreational areas 0.17 have (0.003%). This also include: special uses – 4.48 has (0.087%), cemetery – 1.84 has (0.036%), Buffer zones - 17.85 has (0.345%), and tourism areas – 0.96 has (0.02%).


Land Use Potential and Constraints


NIPAS Areas


Talisay has 335.49 hectares of Forest Reserve on the Central-Northern part of the municipality occupying parts of Barangay Banga, Miranda, Tumaway and Quiling. Also included is the volcano island of “Pulo of San Isidro & Tabla”, where it consists of 1, 376.20 hectares of Protected Areas, where it was declared through Presidential Proclamation 923, where Taal Volcano and the watershed areas was declared a protected landscape under the NIPAS Act of 1992. Taal Lake is a major aquatic resource, supplying nearby communities and Metro Manila with Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus niloticus), Bangus (Chanos chanos), Maliputo (Caranx ignobilis) and Tawilis (Sardinella tawilis).


Non-NIPAS Areas


There exists 1, 399.70 hectares of alienable and disposable (A&D) lands. These include Agricultural areas and other built up areas which include Agro-industrial areas, the Cemetery, Industrial areas, Recreational, Institutional, Residential, Tourism spots, and Special use areas.


Existing Environmental Conditions


Talisay scored 5 (very high) for its fresh water ecosystem management, and 4.1 (high-very high) in Urban Ecosystems Management in 2009 and 2010, according to the State of Local Development Electronic Report based on Environmental Governance. This is a study based on LGU self-assessment and an approximation of the state of socio-economic and environmental development in a locality.


The established and proliferation of fish cages are becoming a major problem in Talisay, along with nearby towns/municipalities within the Taal Lake. The recent fish kill that has become a nationwide phenomenon, and according to many studies conducted, the degradation of water quality in the lake was caused heavily through the ammonia released by the unconsumed fish feeds that end up in the bottom of the lake; heavy loads of organic sediments were brought to the surface, resulting in oxygen depletion and raising levels of ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and nitrite levels – contributing to the fish kills.


The degradation of these public goods in Talisay translates into a loss of productive assets and reduces the efficiency and resiliency of the services they provide. Harmful effects of environmental services degradation are often the principal drivers of poverty and social conflict.

Classification of Rivers/Bodies of Water within the Municipality


The river system in the province of Batangas services a populace of thousands for their drinking and agricultural water needs. The river system is classified as Class C beneficial for fishery production, recreational and industrial water supply (DENR DAO #34).


Quality of rivers, waters, etc (polluted or not, degree of pollution)


Though classified as Class C, untreated household, agricultural, and agro-industrial/industrial wastes are directly discharged into the creeks/rivers. There are cases that some creeks, specifically on Barangay Miranda, and Banga dump their garbage on intermittent creeks, and some cases involve reclaiming land areas by covering up the creeks with unearthed soil and rock from other locations.


Probable Sources of Pollution


Water pollution


Industrial sources – Major industries in Talisay include the production of seedlings/saplings, beach resorts, agriculture, Ice plants, and commercial areas.


Domestic sources – Based on the data available at the PPDO Batangas (07202011), there are a total of 317 households without any toilets, with Brgy Buco having the highest number of households without toilet amounting to 117, followed by Brgy Miranda (50), and Brgy Quiling (43), among others. Human wastes are dumped directly at the creeks/rivers. All in all, it is only 4.6% of the total so it would contribute so much as a contributor to water pollution.


Air Pollution During the FGD, participants have reported the unpleasant smell coming from the piggeries and some animal industries, but that doesn’t contribute much to air pollution in the area.


Soil Pollution/Solid Waste Problem – Talisay has 2 waste collection vehicles that service the whole municipality: 1 for the 8 Poblacions, where most commercial establishments and the public market is located, and 1 for the rest of the Barangays. Talisay also has one (1) Materials Recovery Facility located at Brgy Tranca. The MRF covers only 1205 households, and has a dumping area of 1.5 ha only.


Current garbage collection and disposal system is being implemented by the Municipal Administrator’s Office. It is manned by garbage collectors, motorpool personnel, (dump) truck operators and street sweepers. However, even with the presence of a Solid Waste Collection Program, there is still rampant littering and dumping of solid wastes in roads, vacant lots, canals, esteros and other public places, and the in all Barangays in Talisay.


SOCIAL SECTOR


The social sector analysis gives an overview of the existing level of the human development and social infrastructure available within the community. It also shows the existing conditions of the social services and how it can be improved for further development of the human condition of the municipality of Talisay.


1. Housing Sector


Situational Analysis


Housing serves as a fundamental service that ensures the holistic development of a municipality. Good quality housing entails proper allocation of spaces and inclusion of required facilities that is entailed by good living.


The number of household in Talisay increased by 21.51 percent from 2000 to 2007. There is also a corresponding increase in population from 1995-2000 by 20.25 and 6.38 percent in 2000 to 2007 respectively. There is almost 1:1 ratio of households to occupied housing units in 2007, which means that there only 53 double-up households who are occupying the same housing units. Moreover, the average number of occupations per housing unit estimated to at 5.19 which is just enough for the average household size in 2007, which was recorded at 5.15.


2. Health and Sanitation


Situational Analysis


Health and sanitation sector has a large impact on the local economy and well being in general of any municipality. It is an imperative to be proactive in producing and maintaining a quality health care service to facilities development.


General Health Situation


  1. Fertility Indices


The crude birth rate (CBR) of Talisay ranges from 27.61-19.61 level (live birth per 1000 population) for years 2007-2010. A decrease of CBR from 27.61 (2007) to 19.61 (2010) was observed. This can be attributed to increased knowledge in reproductive education and family planning through local and national campaigns.


  1. Morbidity and Mortality Indices


The crude death rate (CDR) of Talisay in the previous years had been established from 5.04-3.08. Year 2009 registered the lowest CDR at 3.08 deaths for every 1,000 population. Child mortality was reported in Talisay during the CBMS survey conducted in 2009, with 1.67 deaths for every 1,000 infants. On the other hand, only 1 incidence of death was reported in Brgy. Tumaway due to pregnancy related causes during the survey period.


3. Social Welfare Services


Situational Analysis


There services are the collection of particular interest of the various sectors in the municipality-children, elders, people with physical deformities and other special groups. There are Day Care Centers in 13 barangays. Each day care center is managed by one day care worker which caters to around 60-13 children ages 3-5 years. The facilities are good condition. There is also a Municipality Social Welfare Development Office in Poblacion that caters to solo-parents, person with disability, women and other special need groups.


a. Day Care Center


Services: (DCCS) – Day Care Service/Early Childhood Care & Development (Daily Session/Activities), Children Congress Family Week Recognition Day Clientele: (DCCC) – 3-5 year old children priority from indigent families.


b. MSWDO


Services: (MSWS) – Solo Parents (As for R.A. 8972 solo parents: Provision of SP ID’s, Livelihood Services, Skills Training, Psychological Services, Educational, Medical Assistance, Capability Building, Social Cultural Activities, Referrals), Youth (Psychosocial Enhancement, Livelihood, Skills Training, Educational(School Supplies, Referrals, Socio-Cultural Activities, Capability Building, Issuance of Benefit ID Cards, Regular Monitoring/Supervision, Medical Women (Livelihood Assistance, Skills Training, Counseling, Referrals, Medical/Financial, Burial Assistance, Capability Building, Study Tour, Socio Cultural Activities, Organize/Monitor/Supervision Group Implementation of Program/Activities)


Clientele: (MSWDOC) – Solo Parents Male and Female 18-59 years old Youth Male and Female 13-21 Years old unmarried, Out of school, Juvenile Delinquents PWD’s Children and Adult Women 18-59 years old.


c. Senior Citizen/Women’s Center


Clientele: 60 years old and above for Senior Citizen, Women 18-59 years old. Services: (SCS) - Provisions of Services as Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2003 R.A. 9257.


4. Sports and Recreation


Situation Analysis


Sports and recreation is considered as asocial service for it develops the psychosocial and physical aspects of the individuals.


The municipality has limited recreation opportunities due to lack of facilities and land to allocate for these activities. The most popular type of recreation is basketball. These are the basketball courts located in almost all barangay. Town Plaza is also a popular for recreation.


  1. Education Sector


Situational Analysis


Education as one of the basic social services necessitates primary prioritization of the local government provided that it caters to the youth sector of the municipality. The youth being the most vulnerable, while being the largest in number, is pivotal in the determination of progress.


Basic Education Curriculum


There are 14 day care center. There is a 1:1 ratio of number of day care centers and number of day care workers. Brgy. Sampaloc has the highest number of registered students. Sixty children have been accounted in Brgy. Binuangan Day Care Center, followed by Quiling Day Care Center with 49 enrollees, Poblacion 6 Day Care Center (35 enrollees), while San Guillermo has lowest enrollees with 15 students only. There are nine (9) public elementary schools and there are four Secondary schools, one public school and three private schools.


6. PEACE AND ORDER


Generally speaking, peace and order is not a substantial problem in the locality. Although, there are instances of crime related activities in the municipality, every incident is being under controlled by the able leadership of our Chief of Police and with the assistance and bounteous support of the full force of the Local PNP of Talisay, Batangas. There are no organized or syndicated crime groups operating within the jurisdiction of Talisay. Most crime incidents arise from disputes over property while others are crimes of passion stemming from misunderstanding. Furthermore, this municipality is generally spared of the insurgency problem. There are no incidents of clashes between the government and rebel forces. With these, you can see that there is a harmonious relationship between the Local Chief Executive and his constituents which is the key to a better and brighter future.


ECONOMIC SECTOR

1. Agriculture Sector


Condition of the Agricultural Sector


a. Crop Production


Based on HLURB crop production computation, which are:


Percentage of crop production area to municipality/city land area = Area devoted to crop production (ha.)/Total municipality/city land area (ha.) x 100% crop production = 699.07ha/3,796.32ha x 100 = 18.41%


Talisay has 18.41% of crop production; while there are no data devoted to specific crop thus percentage of agricultural land devoted to specific crop cannot be computed.


Although, plant nursery is not merely in agriculture, it is one of the major contributors in the industry of crop production especially in “retail nurseries” agricultural crop production. In fact, most of the residents have their own plants nursery within their yard.


Further, based on Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zoning (SAFDZ) of Talisay, majority (73.52%) of the municipality of Talisay fall in Non-Agricultural uses and only 21.48% is considered agricultural.


b. Livestock Production


Proprietors or owners for every barangay engaged in livestock production, specifically carabao, cattle, hog, chicken and duck, in different stages of their life cycle. As of 2011, Barangay Aya and Tranca have the highest number stocks.


c. Fisheries


The common fish product raised is Tilapia, Bangus, Maliputo and Tawilis. Fishing activity in Talisay is combination of commercial and municipal but majority is commercial fishing. Each commercial fishing industry has their own storage and processing facilities.


Activities engaged in fishing are one of the highest shares in Talisay’s Labor force. Other activities are categorized in service oriented businesses and public administration jobs.


d. Forestry


The areas cover by forest lands/public land in Talisay is 2,396.59 hectares which is 63.13% of the total land area of the Talisay. Though, nursery production in Talisay is rampant, there are no data showing that there is a production forest in Talisay.


Based on FGD, from time to time, Talisay constituents conduct reforestation activity to some area that they considered critical or denuded. This activity is in response to avoid previous landslide with flashflood in Caloocan on 1969.


e. Aqua Farming


Aside from growing punla (seedling or sapling), Taliseños’ other forms of livelihood are aqua farming and artificial flower making.


Numerous fish pens are situated on the waters of Taal Lake where the fish culture is very much taken care of by the locals. Tawilis, Maliputo, and Tilapia can be found in great abundance in the Taal Lake. With this, aqua farming becomes a good and vital source of income for the people.


f. Artificial Flowers


Artificial flowers reflect the creativity of Taliseños. The town, Brgy. Banga in particular, is known for its artificial flower-making industry. Each household involved in this livelihood project produces one specific design.


The artificial flowers are made of organza and satin which are soaked in the mixture of water and starch to give form to the cloth. Once the satin or the organza dries up, it will then be ready for stamping – customized mold is being used to imprint the flower design.


The artificial flowers available in Divisoria are products of Talisay.


Some Issues


Existing Agricultural Development Problems


Fisheries sector drives the local economy of Talisay. The extensive use of lakeshore water for this production results to continuous degradation of the water resources adding up to the industrial and domestic wastes. Continuous degradation of water quality for fisheries production in Talisay will cause subsequent losses in yield in the long run.


Areas Covered by National/Local Policies


Based on Network of Protected Areas for Agricultural and Agro-Industrial Areas for Development (NPAAAD) map of BSWM, Talisay has 813.88has (21.48%) of land devoted for to ensure the sustained production of the Talisay’s basic agricultural and fisheries commodities through the stewardship and utilization of the most productive agricultural and fishery land resources for optimal production, processing, and marketing.


2. Commerce, Trade and Industry


Condition of the Commerce, Trade and Industry

Most of these establishments are located along the national high way across the residential areas, hence resulting to a mixed land use. The central commerce and trade area is the Talisay Public Market with a total area of 0.76has.


Businesses are categorically classifies into three categories: Primary (10.86%), Secondary (1.36%), and Tertiary (87.78%). Primary include establishments such as real estate, ice plant and cable network. Those considered Tertiary are eateries that served cooked food in a daily basis (i.e. restaurant, carinderia), meat shops, sari-sari store, resort, hotel, internet shops, parlor, and similar activity.


Municipality Income


According to ENVIRONS from previous CLUP study, the real estate taxes are only 3.6% of the total municipal income. In contrast, a city like Caloocan derives 34% of its yearly income from these taxes. Only five barangays have cadastral surveys. Tax mapping is a major planning activity.

The local government of Talisay obtains only 0.06% of its total municipal income from “beach resorts”. Revenue from this sector declined from PhP14, 580.00 in 1997 to only PhP9, 654.50 in 1998.


Municipal income derived from plant nurseries likewise declined to PhP47, 866.50 in 1998 from the 1997 figure of PhP55, 204.00. This corresponds to 0.34% share in total municipal revenue.


The artificial flower making industry contributed to municipal income PhP 2,380.00 in 1997 increasing to PhP3, 660.00 in 1998. This accounted for 0.02%.

3. Tourism

Condition of Tourism

The worlds famous TAAL VOLCANO is the main tourist attraction in the Town. Most of the tourist where able to catch e glimpse of the Volcano Island and for others who long for first hand and closer view of the volcano itself, a thirty to thirty five (30-35) minute travel by motorboat from Talisay will bring them there where available boat-for-hire services is always on the stand by.


There is Tourist Reception Center located in Taal Volcano Island serves as a lounging area and starting point to tourists who will go to the main crater. It is specially designed for tourists who love to indulge in adventures and nature tripping. Its also caters them a place where they can find the history and other relevant information about Taal Volcano and its previous eruptions.


Special Interest:

  • Water sports, Such as hobie, windsurfing, sailing, boating, kayaking & fishing

  • Horse back riding

  • Trekking to Crater

  • Talisay Oriental Band

  • Historical culture & arts ( labanan sa Talisay, Batangas Revolved )


Further, Talisay has various tourism spot and facilities to offer. There are 28 resorts with different type of facilities to offer. These resorts are found in 11 barangays of Talisay: Aya (2), Poblacion (2), Banga (6), Sta. Maria (8), Balas (1), Buco (2), Caloocan (1), Leynes (12), Miranda (1) Quiling (1) Sampaloc (2) Tranca (1) and Tumaway (3).


Aside from these resorts, Talisay has 18-hole Golf Course (Tagaytay Midlands Golf Club) and First Class Housing (Tagaytay Midland Club House) at Barangay Tranca and portion of Barangay Quiling.


The tourism establishment is accessible to the tourist since the road network is accessible for the tricycles, jeepneys, and bus.


SUBDIVISION/VILLAGE


  1. PALM RIDGE POINTE being developed by Fil-Estate Realty and Development located at Brgy. Sta. Maria. This is first class residential village nestled on 52 hectares hilltops and rolling terrain overlooking Taal Lake. It would offer first class facilities/amenities including a golf club that could rival even the best in the entire archipelago with its scenic and majestic beauty location.


  1. The TAGAYTAY MIDLANDS by BELLE Corporation located at the eastern portion of the municipality covering four barangays namely Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca and Tumaway. The total land area encompassed six hundred (600) hectares were divided into 2 phases: Construction of GOLF COURSE AREA and development of needed utilities such as electricity, water sewerage, telephone and of a funicular transport system and construction and completion of an 18 hole golf course, country clubhouse and ancillary facilities with 400 units of high rise and low level condominiums.


  1. TAAL BUENAVISTA LAKEVIEW HEIGHTS is a Farm Lot Subdivision being developed by LEDESCO INC. located at Brgy. Aya, Talisay, Batangas. The land area is about a gross area of 317,007 sq. /meter.


  1. ST. PIERRE HOMES being developed by LGTM CORPORATION located at Brgy. San Guillermo, Talisay, Batangas. The total land area is about 64,681 square meters. It is located within the geographical location of 140 05’ 22” north latitude and 1210 00’ 14” east longitude and only about 3 kilometers south of Taal Lake. It is bounded on the north by Cavite national road, on the south by Taal Lake and on the southwest by Palm Ridge Subdivision. This is a 293 unit’s residential subdivision which is merely intended for socialized housing.


  1. LAEUNA DE TAAL is a subdivision with Lake Club Amenity, having an area of 156,005.00 square meters, containing 130 residential lots and 3 commercial lots, located at BRGY. Banga, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. HORIZON CONDOMINIUM (Hi-Lands Prime Incorporated) Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. BALAI ISABEL MEMBERSHIP CLUB, located at Brgy Banga, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. HIGHLANDS PRIME (PUEBLO REAL) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. BELLE CORP. (LAKESIDE FAIRWAYS) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. PINE CREST SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. SIERA LAGO SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. BELLE VIEW SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. KEW GARDEN SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. TEREZZAS DE ALANA SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. YUME SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. COTSWOLD SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. LAKESIDE ENCLAVE SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. KATSURA SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. TIVOLI PLACE SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


  1. SYCAMORE HEIGHT SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.


The Church of San Guillermo


The construction of the church was begun by Spanish friars in 1892 but it suffered a heavy damage in 1898. Restorations have enabled the structure to be functional until today.


The Karakol Festival


The Karakol Festival is among the most important events in the town of Talisay. Karakol or dance to the patron is being done by town-folks to show their devotion to their patron saint, San Guillermo. During the early years that karakol is being held in town, only the elders where participating in this religious dance. But as years pass, even the young Taliseños are also doing the karakol.


Taliseños participate in the karakol in groups. They are clad in various costumes while gracefully dancing in praise of San Guillermo. This festival is participated by the local Government along with other Government and Non-government organizations. This event takes place on the place month of February.


Punla SA Pagunlad (Seeding/Sapling Center)


Talisay is accountable for the largest growth production of seedlings/saplings than in any other town in the country. It is said that almost 80% to 85% of seedlings/saplings that reach other provinces in the Philippines came from Talisay.


With a huge production of punla, the local government thought of another festival to celebrate – the PUNLAD Festival. PUNLAD is derived from the phrase “punla sa pag-unlad”. Indeed, the seedlings which the locals are continuously growing contribute to the town’s development and prosperity.


INFASTRUCTURE SECTOR


1. Transportation


Profile of the Existing Situation

Accessibility with the Neighboring Localities


Talisay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas and is 86 kilometers away from the Philippine capital Manila. It is located in the north central area of Batangas, which is located southwest of the island of Luzon. It is bordered by Tagaytay City in the north, the municipality of Laurel to the west, Tanauan City to east, and a vast volcanic lake called Taal Lake to the south. Talisay is located in an out-of-the-way location and may be considered as a “cul-de-sac” relative to other sites.

Existing Conditions of Roads and Bridges


The total road networks of the municipality of Talisay, Batangas is approximately 73.12 kilometers which is classified into four (4) categories namely National, Provincial, Municipal, and Barangay roads as shown in Table 79. The barangay roads constitute the majority of the total kilometers of road having an approximate length of 34.75 kilometers. The national road has a total length of 27.12 kilometers, respectively. As to the type of pavement used, the road is predominantly made of concrete pavement which constitutes about 88.5%, while the rest (11.5%) are made of earth.


The national’s road network is being supplemented by 16 existing bridges namely: Angasin Bridges-Aya, Bignay-Aya, Quiling I, Quiling II, Laurel Bridge-Tumaway, Banga I-Banga, Banga II-Banga, Banga III-Banga, Banga IV-Banga, Sta. Maria I, Sta. Maria II, Sta. Maria III, Buco Bridge, Caloocan Bridge, Reinforced Concrete Box Culvert (RCBC)-Balas I, and Reinforced Concrete Box Culvert (RCBC)-Balas II


Mode of transportation


A good transportation network is considered as the bloodline of the economy and has big consideration in the industrial location decision. The economic growth and development of every cities/municipalities and the ability to move people and goods freely depends mainly on good and efficient transportation system. The major land-based mode of transportation used by the residents of Talisay is jeepney. The number of public utility jeepneys servicing the residents of Talisay is roughly about 800.


There are four (4) known existing jeepney terminals in Talisay; thus, the residents of Talisay have plenty of jeepneys to ride. The four (4) known terminal are located in Barangay Sampaloc and Barangay Zone 6 (Public Market) for Talisay-Tanauan Route. It is available from 3AM (first trip) up to 11PM (last trip) everyday for travel to its neighboring towns and cities. There were also few Vans for rent in Talisay.


Bicycle, motorized and non-motorized tricycles were used for intra-travel by the local residents of Talisay. However, these tricycles are still competing with the jeepneys plying along the national highway traversing Talisay resulting to a very low movement of traffic especially during rush hours.


Other means of transport services is the water transportation which is available in barangays located along lakeshore areas. Motorboats and goods of Talisay particularly going to Pulo of San Isidro and Tabla.


Existing capability and traffic conditions


Based from the Philippine Highway Capacity Manual, the current road capacity of major roads of Talisay is estimated to be 1, 800pcphpl for road carriageway between 6.6m to 7.3m and 1, 200pcphpl for carriageway 6m or less. Based from actual observation, the municipality’s major road network is operating near its capacity especially during peak hour period. Traffic congestions are common during peak hour periods along the stretch of the National Road at Poblacion from 07:00 until 08:30 in the morning and between 04:30pm to 05:30pm. The secondary roads of Talisay were still under capacity even during heavy downpour of rains. The major road networks of Talisay are considered close to capacity with limited space for road widening particularly Talisay-Tagaytay Road and Poblacion Roads. This suggests an implementation of better and aggressive traffic management measures to accelerate its economic development.


Various road improvements and widening must be put in place such that pedestrian related accidents could also be reduced. Likewise, street lightings must be provided especially in major road intersections to minimize vehicular accidents.


Determinant of Development Needs


At present, Talisay’s road network is considerably sufficient although its necessity for improvement to facilitate the movement of goods and services from large commercial areas is encouraged; other roads are gravel filled and even become impassable during the rainy season that which is more aggravated by poor drainage causing flood to the roadways. These roads need improvement.


2. Power

Background


The primary electric power provides the Municipality of Talisay is the BATELEC 2. Based from BATELEC 2 data, the municipality household electrification statics of Talisay as of 2015 shows that has a total number of potential household of 8,902 and the actual number of household connection is 7,412 where in total number of household served is 83.27%. And about unserved 16.73% household in Talisay either use Gas/Kerosene Lamp/Candle as their source of light during night time.


3. Telecommunications


Profile of the Existing Situation


The existing available means of communication in the municipality of Talisay are through postal service, telegraph, telephone and radio facilities and cellular phones.


The office of the Postal Services is located in Barangay Poblacion and being manned by One (1) Postmaster, and One (1) mail sorter/postal clerk.


The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) is the only telephone communication business in the town distributed among residential, commercial, industrial, government and private entities.


Talisay has two radio communication networks; one is being used by the Office of the Municipality Mayor and the other one by Philippine National Police. The networks provide expeditious means of communication with other municipalities and other law enforcement units in the province and in the archipelago.


Cellular mobile phones users have increased significantly in the municipality because of its affordability and mobility. Their numbers cannot be easily determined due to constant increased of users over time. There are many cellular towers of simply CELLSITES located within or proximately to the municipality of Talisay. At present, these cell sites are GLOBE cell site in Barangay Zone 3, SMART cell site Touch Mobile and SUN cell site in Barangay Tumaway.

Planet Cable Network, Inc., Cable Max Broad Band Solutions, Inc. and Aiconn Trading Inc. (Cignal Cable) company operating in Talisay.


4. Water


Profile of the Existing Situation


Deep wells and spring Developments are the primary sources of the water supply. Several barangays are now in level III (House to House connections). The Level II (Communal Water Distribution System) in Poblacion will soon be activated. Pressure pumps are common among Poblacion households and other parts of low-lying barangays.


As of 2015, 5,303 household served has a water supply of L2/L3 type water resources. The said types of water supply serve all of 21 barangays in the municipality.


Based on 2015 data, there are 2,026 L2 Type installed in 4 barangays, 3,277 L3 Type installed in 17 barangays, The rest of households (58.2%) which are not connected to piped water system or obtain water from deep wells, get through the following means: 1) buy water from connected households, 2) water ration, 3) rainwater, and 4) spring/river.


  1. Port


Plans are a foot to construct a fish landing area force located near the completed multi-million public market project at Poblacion. A temporary boat-docking terminal has been established presently at the Poblacion Shore area.