As of 2015, the total population of Talisay is 45,301. There is an almost equal distribution of sexes with 25,968 (50.1%) males and 25,864 (49.9%) females. Using NSO computed annual growth rate of 2.73% from 2015 to 2020, the 2020 population projected is 51,832. The total labor force is 24, 106; However, only 20, 272 are considered under the working age of 15-64. There is a high working force that could be co-accounted at 84.09%. The total dependency ratio is accounted at 73.93% or 14, 988 of the population. It is characterized by the young population (0-14 years old) at 13, 238, while the old dependents at 1, 750. The high young dependency ratio (65.3%) is reflective of the young population. The total labor force is 61.62%.
The school-going-age population is reflective of 10, 649 students in elementary education, and 14,966 in secondary education. Furthermore, tertiary education is attended by 1, 096. Sex ratios provide that there are many male schoolgoers (52%), dependent young population (52%), and working age (51%) compared with female working age.
Other Population Characteristics
a. Marital Status
There is a total of 13,934 (or 46.31% ) married members of the population, which is highly distributed between the age of 30-34, 35-39, 25-29, 30-34, 40-44, 45-19, 50-54, and 20-24. There are 170 cases of marriage below 20 years old, while live-in or cohabitation is accounted at 3.0% of the population. Moreover, cohabitation and young marriages contribute to the increase in the population and its dependency ratio. The remaining 13,267 or 44.09% is of single status and is highly characterized by a young population below 20 years old with 7,853.
b. Literacy Rate
On education, there is a total of 38.26% high school graduates, while 27.22% received full elementary education. 0.08% earned post-baccalaureate degrees, and 3.56% and 1.46% are categorized as no grade completed and not stated, respectively. There is 96.44% functional literacy in the municipality, Functional Literacy is considered to be the attained education of at least one grade in basic elementary education.
c. Mother Tongue
Most Taliseños speak Tagalog. Other languages include English, Bicolano, Ilocano and others.
d. Religious Affiliation
Most of the Taliseños are Roman Catholics, while other dominant religion includes:
NAME OF RELIGION TOTAL POPULATION PERCENTAGE NO. OF POPULATION
Roman Catholic 51,832 95.35% 49,421.81
Baptist 51,832 1.98% 1,026.27
Protestant 51,832 0.85% 440.57
Seventh Day Adventist 51,832 0.66% 342.09
Iglesia ni Kristo 51,832 0.57% 295.44
Aglipay 51,832 0.14% 72.56
Jehovah's Witness 51,832 0.14% 72.56
Mormons 51,832 0.03% 15.55
Others 51,832 0.28% 145.13
The Municipality of Talisay is located within 120º 57’ 37.62” – 121º 3’ 1.12” Longitude and 14º 4’ 37.7” – 14º 8’ 32.39” Latitude of the northern part of Batangas. It is bounded by Tagaytay City in the North, Tanauan City in the East, Municipality of Laurel in the West, and Taal Lake in the South. The municipality of Talisay is bounded on the north by Tagaytay City, Laurel on the west, Tanauan on the east and Taal Lake on the south. It is located some 86 kilometers southward of Manila and about 74 kilometers northward of the Batangas provincial capitol.
a. Municipal Land Area
Talisay has a land area of 3, 797.33 hectares (GIS Computed by Geo Info metrics Solutions Co.), however, Talisay has boundary disputes with the neighboring Municipalities as well as with the City of Tagaytay which is beyond the realm of the planning work to resolve. Three boundary definitions come from at least three different sources of information: the Land Use Classification Map (LC3553) from NAMRIA which is 3, 325has, the 1993 NAMRIA Topographic and Political Boundaries Map which is 3, 799has and the 1994 PCTT Framework Plan which is 2, 822has.
b. Political Units
Talisay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. It is politically subdivided into 21 barangays, namely: Barangay Aya, Barangay Balas, Barangay Banga, Barangay Buco, Barangay Caloocan, Barangay Leynes, Barangay Miranda, Poblacion Barangay 1, Poblacion Barangay 2, Poblacion Barangay , Poblacion Barangay 4, Poblacion Barangay 5, Poblacion Barangay 6, Poblacion Barangay 7, Poblacion Barangay 8, Barangay Quiling, Barangay Sampaloc, Barangay San Guillermo, Barangay Santa Maria, BarangayTranca and Barangay Tumaway.
c. Natural and Physical Characteristics
Topography and Slopes
A rugged and undulating terrain is common on all slopes from the Tagaytay Ridge down to the lake below. Talisay is situated along the lakefront and its topography is longitudinal traversing many minor ridges and drainage basins (valleys). The terrain of Talisay can be best described as having a gently rolling to steeping undulating landform. Most of the lakefront areas are generally flat except for the westernmost barangay, Sampaloc where the drop is quite abrupt. The highest elevation, rising more than 560 meters, is located near the Tagaytay City boundary in northern Quiling. The slope of the area ranges from 0% to more than 50% slopes. About a quarter or 1,652 hectares of the municipality falls within the 12% maximum gradient for roads. About half or approximately 1, 949 hectares are within the maximum economically buildable slope range of 18%.
d. Climatological Data
The municipality of Talisay falls under the Type I category of the Philippine Climate Corona Classification, which has distinct or pronounced seasons, namely: dry and wet. The wet season starts from May to October. The average rainfall is 29.5 centimeters with an average wind velocity and average cloudiness or sky coverage of 7.1 knots in the directions of southwest and northeast. This is also characterized by typhoons coming from Eastern Luzon. During this period, wind velocity increases with extreme cloudiness. There occurs a maximum rainfall-causing flood in the locality. Intense coldness is felt by people to the detriment of their health. On the other hand, the dry season starts from November to April.
e. Meteorological Data
The average minimum temperature in Talisay is recorded at 22.7 ºC, and a maximum temperature of 32.1 ºC. Annual mean temperature: 27.4 ºC. The warmest months in Talisay are April and Amy, while the warmest months are July to September when rainfall is almost 3/5 of annual rains. The coldest months are December and January, when the lowest monthly mean temperatures have been recorded: 25.4 ºC (January), 25.8 ºC (December).
The annual average rainfall in the Province is 1, 906.80 millimeters, while the monthly average is 158.9 millimeters. Heavy rains occur during the months of June to November with an average monthly rainfall of 268.35 millimeters.
3. Wind patterns
Wind patterns Average wind velocity and average cloudiness or sky coverage of 7.1 knots in the directions of southwest and northeast.
e. Soil Types and Suitability
There are generally two types of soil areas. The Taal Loam is found along the lakeshore areas and the Tagaytay Loam in the steeper terrains. The Taal loam belongs to Taal soil series, the formation of which was influenced largely by the successive eruptions of Taal Volcano. The surface soil is generally grayish brown to light gray when dry and dark brown to nearly black when wet. The subsoil is light gray to grayish brown. The substratum is composed of loose sand and gravel in some places and tuffaceous and gravel in other places. This type of soil is easy to work on and is suitable to grow upland rice and other cash crops such as corn, sugar cane, coconut, citrus, coffee, pineapple, avocado and a variety of vegetables. Basically, Taal Loam is conducive to agricultural production. On the other hand, Tagaytay Loam contains fine, sandy materials, moderately friable, and easy to work on when moist. In an undisturbed condition, it breaks and becomes hard when dry.
Land Suitable/Land Capability
Certain portions of Talisay are very much suited for agriculture, especially growing crops and seedling/sapling production. Generally, land capability based on the data from BSWM shows low suitability for built uses due to its soil type, very steep (50 and above %), low-high elevation (5-522 meters), permeability, and perennial flooding incidence. It is classified as Class D, characterized as fairly good land and must be cultivated with extra caution; which requires careful management and complex conservation practices for safe cultivation. It is more suitable for pasture or forest
f. Groundwater Resources
Talisay is classified into two (2) general groundwater availability classifications:
- I-C (local and less productive aquifers)
- III-A (Rocks with limited potential, low to moderate permeability).
The eastern part of Talisay which includes the whole of Barangay Tumaway, Quiling, Tranca, and Aya, the eastern half of Barangay Miranda and Barangay Banga, and Poblacion 1-8 belongs to the I-C classifications. This region has less productive aquifers. Aquifers are wet underground layers of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. Further, I-C yields mostly about 2L/s but as high as 20L/s in some sites, with very low to moderate permeability. The western part of Talisay which include Barangay Sampaloc, Leynes, Caloocan, Buco, Balas, San Guillermo, Sta. Maria, a huge portion of Barangay Banga, and the western part of Barangay Miranda, fall under classification III-A. This means the area is not a potential sole source of drinking water, due to insufficient yield.
All in all, Talisay has a total of 29 man-made groundwater sources, including Tagaytay Highlands, Tagaytay Midlands, Highland’s International Golf Club Inc., Fil-estate Property Corp., the Municipality of Talisay and Barangay Waterworks, and various private individuals.
g. Surface Water, Drainage, and Catchment Areas
Local Rivers and Creeks
Talisay has two (2) rivers, and fifteen (15) creeks comprising its waterway system. The Caloocan River located at Brgy. Caloocan and the Bignay River located in Brgy. Aya. Creek systems all over Talisay comprise the following: Angasin Creek at Brgy. Aya, Quiling Creeks I & II, Tanza Creek at Begy. Tumaway, Zigaras Creek and Banga Creeks II, III & IV at Brgy. Banga, Sta. Maria Creeks I, II & III, Buco Creek, and Balas Creeks I and II. All draining to the Taal Lake.
A caldera lake has been formed partly by the collapse of a large volcanic crater and partly by subsidence. Subsequent volcanic activity has modified the morphometry of the lake. During the 10th century, it was connected to the sea at Balayan Bay by a wide channel, but an extremely powerful eruption of the Taal Volcano in 1754 rearranged the shape of the lake and narrowed the outlet to form the present-day Pansipit River, the lake’s only outflow, which leaves the lake in its southwest corner and travels about 10km to the sea. A high ridge, part of the crater wall, rises to 640 m above sea level to the northwest of the lake, upon which is located the chief town in the catchment area, Tagaytay City to the south and east, the land is more gently sloping.
The catchment area is largely deforested and given over to agriculture/agroforestry (e.g. coconut cultivation, coffee, cocoa, and cassava). Other areas are dominated by grassland (Imperata cylindrica) and there is some livestock raising. There is very little industry in the catchment area at present. Major threats to the lake include over-exploitation of fishery resources, inappropriate development for tourism and plans to use the lake water for irrigation and domestic water supply. There are nine (9) major water catchment areas identified for Talisay. Catchment No. 1 has been tagged as the largest with an estimated area of about 991.45 hectares located near the western portion of the municipality. The potential volume of water that can be impounded for this catchment area has been computed at 8, 917.70 cubic meter. The potential volume that can be impounded can supplement the town’s water supply needs in the future. A large portion of the catchment is beyond the northern boundary of Talisay extending all way up to the ridge to the north.
h. Geologic and Hydro-geologic Hazards
Based on historical accounts on Taal Volcano, there have been thirty-three (33) eruptions from 1572. Taal’s eruptions range from one (1) day to six (6) months. Its dormancy lasts from one (1) to sixty-two (62) years. Taal has a relatively shorter repose period between eruptions. Its more violent eruptions occurred in 1754, 1991 and 1965. The 1991 eruption had a zone of destruction as far as a 19-kilometer diameter of electrical discharges. There were also recorded vertical displacements of about 1 to 2 meters along the shoreline of the first sunken site of Tanauan – which is located in front of the present-day Talisay.
i. Climate and Typhoon Path
Based on a thirty-five-year record (1961-1985) climate study of the PAGASA station at Ambulong Climate Station in Tanauan, Talisay falls under Type 1 climate. This type is generally characterized by wet and dry seasons with fairly uniform temperatures. The annual average rainfall in the Province is 1, 906.80 millimeters, while the monthly average is 158.9 millimeters. Heavy rains occur during the months of June to November with an average monthly rainfall of 268.35 millimeters.
Talisay, over a 47-year period from 1948 to 1994, experienced about 9 tropical depressions, 23 tropical storms and 32 typhoons – for a total of 64 weather disturbances. Most of these weather anomalies generally form in the North Pacific Ocean region and move in a west-northwest direction towards the country.
j. Fault Line and Tsunami-prone Areas
The Manila Trench subduction zone is an active convergent plate margin between the South China Sea and the northern Philippines. Manila trench as a straight line from 13-18ºN which swerves abruptly to ESE at latitudes lower than 13ºN because of a collision of micro-continental fragments with Mindoro and Panay islands. The depth of the Manila Trench exceeds 5000m west of Manila Bay.
Distance from Poblacion to Taal Volcano Island Shore: 5.2 Km
From Taal Volcano Island Shore to Crater : 2.138 Km.
Taal Volcano, though considered the lowest volcano in the world, is one of the deadliest in the Philippines. Volcanologists consider Taal one of the world’s ten (10) deadliest volcanoes. Together with Mayon Volcano, Taal is one of the most observed because of the unpredictability of its behavior. From 1989 up to 1990 it showed signs of abnormality but was considered within background levels. However, PHIVOLCS is maintaining close watch. Based on historical accounts of Taal Volcano, there have been thirty-three (33) eruptions from 1572. Taal’s eruption range from one (1) day to six (6) months. Its dormancy lasts from one (1) to sixty-two (62) years. Taal has a relatively shorter repose period between eruptions. The more violent eruptions occurred in 1754, 1911, and 1965. The 1911 eruption had a zone of destruction as far as a 19-kilometer diameter of electrical discharges. There were also recorded vertical displacements of about 1 to 2 meters along the shoreline of the first sunken site of Tanauan – which is located in front of the present-day Talisay.
k. General Land and Water Use, Existing Land Area Use, Area per land use category and percentage to total land area
Generally, the predominant land use in Talisay is forest/non-agricultural, with a total area of 2, 396.56 hectares, or 46.34% of the total area; protected areas, which includes the Talisay portion of the Taal Volcano with 1, 376.20 has. (26.34%), and agriculture areas with 699.06 has. (13.52%). The remaining 13.53% consists of built-up areas, mostly consisting of Residential use with 406.97 hectares (7.87%), Commercial areas 184.3 has. (3.56%), Roads 44.21 has. (0.85%), Industrial areas - 0.98 has (0.02%), Agro-Industrial Areas – 10.56 has. (0.20%) Institutional 6.69 has. (0.13%), and recreational areas 0.17 have (0.003%). This also include: special uses – 4.48 has (0.087%), cemetery – 1.84 has. (0.036%), Buffer zones - 17.85 has. (0.345%), and tourism areas – 0.96 has. (0.02%).
Land Use Potential and Constraints
Talisay has 335.49 hectares of Forest Reserve in the Central-Northern part of the municipality occupying parts of Barangay Banga, Miranda, Tumaway, and Quiling. Also included is the volcano island of “Pulo of San Isidro & Tabla”, which consists of 1, 376.20 hectares of Protected Areas, which was declared through Presidential Proclamation 923, where Taal Volcano and the watershed areas were declared a protected landscape under the NIPAS Act of 1992. Taal Lake is a major aquatic resource, supplying nearby communities and Metro Manila with Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus niloticus), Bangus (Chanos chanos), Maliputo (Caranx ignobilis) and Tawilis (Sardinella tawilis).
There exists 1, 399.70 hectares of alienable and disposable (A&D) lands. These include Agricultural areas and other built-up areas which include Agro-industrial areas, the Cemetery, Industrial areas, Recreational, Institutional, Residential, Tourism spots, and Special use areas.
l. Existing Environmental Conditions
Talisay scored 5 (very high) for its freshwater ecosystem management, and 4.1 (high-very high) in Urban Ecosystems Management in 2009 and 2010, according to the State of Local Development Electronic Report based on Environmental Governance. This is a study based on LGU self-assessment and an approximation of the state of socio-economic and environmental development in a locality.
The establishment and proliferation of fish cages are becoming a major problem in Talisay, along with nearby towns/municipalities within Taal Lake. The recent fish kill has become a nationwide phenomenon, and according to many studies conducted, the degradation of water quality in the lake was caused heavily by the ammonia released by the unconsumed fish feeds that end up at the bottom of the lake; heavy loads of organic sediments were brought to the surface, resulting in oxygen depletion and raising levels of ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and nitrite levels – contributing to the fish kills.
The degradation of these public goods in Talisay translates into a loss of productive assets and reduces the efficiency and resiliency of the services they provide. Harmful effects of environmental services degradation are often the principal drivers of poverty and social conflict.
m. Classification of Rivers/Bodies of Water within the Municipality
The river system in the province of Batangas services a populace of thousands with their drinking and agricultural water needs. The river system is classified as Class C beneficial for fishery production, and recreational and industrial water supply (DENR DAO #34).
n. Quality of rivers, waters, etc (polluted or not, degree of pollution)
Though classified as Class C, untreated household, agricultural, and agro-industrial/industrial wastes are directly discharged into the creeks/rivers. There are cases that some creeks, specifically in Barangay Miranda, and Banga dump their garbage on intermittent creeks, and some cases involve reclaiming land areas by covering up the creeks with unearthed soil and rock from other locations.
o. Probable Sources of Pollution
1. Industrial sources – Major industries in Talisay include the production of seedlings/saplings, beach resorts, agriculture, Ice plants, and commercial areas.
2. Domestic sources – Based on the data available at the PPDO Batangas (07202011), there are a total of 317 households without any toilets, with Brgy Buco having the highest number of households without toilets amounting to 117, followed by Brgy Miranda (50), and Brgy Quiling (43), among others. Human wastes are dumped directly at the creeks/rivers. All in all, it is only 4.6% of the total so it would contribute so much as a contributor to water pollution.
3. Air Pollution -- During the FGD, participants have reported the unpleasant smell coming from the piggeries and some animal industries, but that doesn’t contribute much to air pollution in the area.
4. Soil Pollution/Solid Waste Problem – Talisay has 2 waste collection vehicles that service the whole municipality: 1 for the 8 Poblacions, where most commercial establishments and the public market is located, and 1 for the rest of the Barangays. Talisay also has one (1) Materials Recovery Facility located at Brgy Tranca. The MRF covers only 1205 households and has a dumping area of 1.5 ha only.
The current garbage collection and disposal system is being implemented by the Municipal Administrator’s Office. It is manned by garbage collectors, motor pool personnel, (dump) truck operators, and street sweepers. However, even with the presence of a Solid Waste Collection Program, there is still rampant littering and dumping of solid wastes in roads, vacant lots, canals, esteros, and other public places, and the in all Barangays in Talisay.
The social sector analysis gives an overview of the existing level of human development and social infrastructure available within the community. It also shows the existing conditions of the social services and how they can be improved for further development of the human condition of the municipality of Talisay.
The number of households in Talisay increased by 21.51 percent from 2000 to 2007. There is also a corresponding increase in population from 1995-2000 by 20.25 and 6.38 percent in 2000 to 2007 respectively. There is almost 1:1 ratio of households to occupied housing units in 2007, which means that there only 53 double-up households who are occupying the same housing units. Moreover, the average number of occupations per housing unit is estimated at 5.19 which is just enough for the average household size in 2007, which was recorded at 5.15.
2. Health and Sanitation
The health and sanitation sector has a large impact on the local economy and well-being in general of any municipality. It is imperative to be proactive in producing and maintaining a quality healthcare service for facilities development.
General Health Situation
The crude birth rate (CBR) of Talisay ranges from 27.61-19.61 level (live birth per 1000 population) for the years 2007-2010. A decrease in CBR from 27.61 (2007) to 19.61 (2010) was observed. This can be attributed to increased knowledge in reproductive education and family planning through local and national campaigns.
Morbidity and Mortality Indices
The crude death rate (CDR) of Talisay in the previous years had been established from 5.04-3.08. The year 2009 registered the lowest CDR at 3.08 deaths for every 1,000 population. Child mortality was reported in Talisay during the CBMS survey conducted in 2009, with 1.67 deaths for every 1,000 infants. On the other hand, only 1 incidence of death was reported in Brgy. Tumaway due to pregnancy-related causes during the survey period.
3. Social Welfare Services
SWS deals with various sectors in the municipality-children, elders, people with physical deformities, and other special groups. There are Day Care Centers in 13 barangays. Each Day Care Center is managed by one daycare worker which caters to around 15-60 children ages 3-5 years.. There is also a Municipality Social Welfare Development Office in Poblacion that caters to solo parents, persons with disability, women, and other special needs groups.
a. Day Care Center
Services: (DCCS) – Day Care Service/Early Childhood Care & Development (Daily Session/Activities), Children Congress Family Week Recognition Day Clientele: (DCCC) – 3-5-year-old children priority from indigent families.
Services: (MSWS) – Solo Parents (As for R.A. 8972 solo parents: Provision of SP ID’s, Livelihood Services, Skills Training, Psychological Services, Educational, Medical Assistance, Capability Building, Social Cultural Activities, Referrals), Youth (Psychosocial Enhancement, Livelihood, Skills Training, Educational(School Supplies, Referrals, Socio-Cultural Activities, Capability Building, Issuance of Benefit ID Cards, Regular Monitoring/Supervision, Medical Women (Livelihood Assistance, Skills Training, Counseling, Referrals, Medical/Financial, Burial Assistance, Capability Building, Study Tour, Socio-Cultural Activities, Organize/Monitor/Supervision Group Implementation of Program/Activities) Clientele: (MSWDOC) – Solo Parents Male and Female 18-59 years old Youth Male and Female 13-21 Years old unmarried, Out of school, Juvenile Delinquents PWD’s Children and Adult Women 18-59 years old.
c. Senior Citizen/Women’s Center
Clientele: 60 years old and above for Senior Citizens, Women 18-59 years old. Services: (SCS) - Provisions of Services as Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2003 R.A. 9257.
4. Sports and Recreation
Sports and recreation are considered as social services for they develop the psychosocial and physical aspects of the individuals. The municipality has limited recreation opportunities due to a lack of facilities and land to allocate for these activities. The most popular type of recreation is basketball. These are the basketball courts located in almost all barangay. Town Plaza is also popular for recreation.
Education as one of the basic social services necessitates primary prioritization of the local government provided that it caters to the youth sector of the municipality. The youth is the most vulnerable, while being the largest in number, is pivotal in the determination of progress.
Basic Education Curriculum
There are 14 daycare centers. There is a 1:1 ratio of a number of day care centers and a number of day care workers. Brgy. Sampaloc has the highest number of registered students. Sixty children have been accounted for in Brgy. Binuangan Day Care Center, followed by Quiling Day Care Center with 49 enrollees, Poblacion 6 Day Care Center (35 enrollees), while San Guillermo has the lowest number of enrollees with 15 students only. There are nine (9) public elementary schools and there are four Secondary schools, one public school, and three private schools.
1. Agriculture Sector
a. Crop Production
Based on HLURB crop production computation, which are: Percentage of crop production area to municipality/city land area = Area devoted to crop production (ha.)/Total municipality/city land area (ha.) x 100% crop production = 699.07ha/3,796.32ha x 100 = 18.41% Talisay has 18.41% of crop production; while there are no data devoted to specific crops thus the percentage of agricultural land devoted to specific crops cannot be computed. Although plant nursery is not merely in agriculture, it is one of the major contributors in the industry of crop production especially in “retail nurseries” agricultural crop production. In fact, most of the residents have their own plants nursery within their yards. Further, based on Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zoning (SAFDZ) of Talisay, the majority (73.52%) of the municipality of Talisay falls into Non-Agricultural uses and only 21.48% is considered agricultural.
b. Livestock Production
Barangay that owns livestock production engage in raising carabao, cattle, hog, chicken, and duck. As of 2011, Barangay Aya and Tranca have the highest number of stocks.
The common fish product raised is Tilapia, Bangus, Maliputo and Tawilis. Fishing activity in Talisay is a combination of commercial and municipal but the majority is commercial fishing. Each commercial fishing industry has its own storage and processing facilities. Activities engaged in fishing are one of the highest shares in Talisay’s Labor force. Other activities are categorized as service-oriented businesses and public administration jobs.
The areas covered by forest lands/public land in Talisay is 2,396.59 hectares which are 63.13% of the total land area of the Talisay. Though nursery production in Talisay is rampant, there are no data showing that there is a production forest in Talisay.
Based on FGD, from time to time, Talisay constituents conduct reforestation activity in some areas that they considered critical or denuded. This activity is in response to avoid a similar landslide with a flashflood that occurred in Caloocan in 1969.
e. Aqua Farming
Aside from growing punla (seedling or sapling), Taliseños’ other forms of livelihood are aqua farming and artificial flower making. Numerous fish pens are situated in the waters of Taal Lake where the fish culture is very much taken care of by the locals. Tawilis, Maliputo, and Tilapia can be found in great abundance in Taal Lake. With this, aqua farming becomes a good and vital source of income for the people.
f. Artificial Flowers
Artificial flowers reflect the creativity of Taliseños. Barangay Banga in particular is known for its artificial flower-making industry. Each household involved in this livelihood project produces one specific design. The artificial flowers are made of organza and satin which are soaked in a mixture of water and starch to give form to the cloth. Once the satin or the organza dries up, it will then be ready for stamping – customized mold is being used to imprint the flower design. The artificial flowers available in Divisoria are products of Talisay.
Existing Agricultural Development Problems
The Fisheries sector drives the local economy of Talisay. The extensive use of lakeshore water for this production results in the continuous degradation of the water resources adding up to industrial and domestic wastes. Continuous degradation of water quality for fisheries production in Talisay will cause subsequent losses in yield in the long run.
a. Areas Covered by National/Local Policies
Based on the Network of Protected Areas for Agricultural and Agro-Industrial Areas for Development (NPAAAD) map of BSWM, Talisay has 813.88has (21.48%) of land devoted to ensuring the sustained production of the Talisay’s basic agricultural and fisheries commodities through the stewardship and utilization of the most productive agricultural and fishery land resources for optimal production, processing, and marketing.
b. Commerce, Trade and Industry
Most of these establishments are located along the national highway across the residential areas, hence resulting in mixed land use. The central commerce and trade area is the Talisay Public Market with a total area of 0.76has.
Businesses are categorically classified into three categories: Primary (10.86%), Secondary (1.36%), and Tertiary (87.78%). Primary include establishments such as real estate, ice plant and cable TV network. Those considered Tertiary are eateries that serve food on a daily basis include meat shops, sari-sari stores, resorts, hotels, internet shops, parlors, and similar businesses.
2. Municipal Income
According to ENVIRONS from a previous CLUP study, real estate taxes are only 3.6% of the total municipal income. In contrast, a city like Caloocan derives 34% of its yearly income from these taxes. Only five barangays have cadastral surveys. Tax mapping is a major planning activity. The local government of Talisay obtains only 0.06% of its total municipal income from “beach resorts”. Revenue from this sector declined from PhP14, 580.00 in 1997 to only PhP9, 654.50 in 1998.
Municipal income derived from plant nurseries likewise declined to PhP47, 866.50 in 1998 from the 1997 figure of PhP55, 204.00. This corresponds to 0.34% share of total municipal revenue. The artificial flower-making industry contributed to municipal income PhP 2,380.00 in 1997 increasing to PhP3, 660.00 in 1998. This accounted for 0.02%.
The world-famous TAAL VOLCANO is the main tourist attraction in the town. Most of the tourists were able to catch e glimpse of the Volcano Island and for others who long for first hand and closer view of the volcano itself, a 30-35 minute travel by motorboat from Talisay will bring them there where available boat-for-hire services are always on stand by. There is Tourist Reception Center located in Taal Volcano Island that serves as a lounging area and a starting point for tourists who will go to the main crater. It is specially designed for tourists who love to indulge in adventures and nature-tripping. It also gives them a place where they can find the history and other relevant information about Taal Volcano and its previous eruptions.
Water sports, Such as Hobie, windsurfing, sailing, boating, kayaking & fishing
Trekking to Crater
Talisay Oriental Band
Historical culture & arts ( labanan sa Talisay, Batangas Revolved )
Further, Talisay has various tourism spots and facilities to offer. There are 28 resorts found in 11 barangays of Talisay: Aya (2), Poblacion (2), Banga (6), Sta. Maria (8), Balas (1), Buco (2), Caloocan (1), Leynes (12), Miranda (1) Quiling (1) Sampaloc (2) Tranca (1) and Tumaway (3). Aside from these resorts, Talisay has an 18-hole Golf Course (Tagaytay Midlands Golf Club) and First Class Housing (Tagaytay Midland Club House) at Barangay Tranca and portions of Barangay Quiling.
The tourism establishment is accessible to tourists since the road network is accessible by tricycles, jeepneys, and buses.
a. Residential & Commercial Areas
PALM RIDGE POINTE is developed by Fil-Estate Realty and Development located at Brgy. Sta. Maria. This first-class residential village is nestled on 52 hectares of hilltops and rolling terrain overlooking Taal Lake. It offers first-class facilities/amenities including a golf club that could rival the best in the country thanks to its scenic and majestic beauty location.
The TAGAYTAY MIDLANDS by BELLE Corporation located at the eastern portion of the municipality covering four barangays namely Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca and Tumaway. The total land area that encompasses six hundred (600) hectares was divided into 2 phases: (1)The construction of the golf course area and the development of needed utilities such as electricity, water sewerage, telephone, and of a funicular transport system and (2) the construction and completion of an 18 hole golf course, country clubhouse and ancillary facilities with 400 units of high rise and low-level condominiums.
TAAL BUENAVISTA LAKEVIEW HEIGHTS is a subdivision being developed by LEDESCO INC. located at Brgy. Aya, Talisay, Batangas. The land area is about a gross area of 317,007 sq. /meter.
ST. PIERRE HOMES, located at Brgy. San Guillermo, Talisay, Batangas is developed by LGTM CORPORATION. The total land area is about 64,681 square meters. It is located within the geographical location of 140 05’ 22” north latitude and 1210 00’ 14” east longitude and only about 3 kilometers south of Taal Lake. It is bounded on the north by Cavite national road, on the south by Taal Lake, and on the southwest by Palm Ridge Subdivision. This is a 293-unit residential subdivision that is merely intended for socialized housing.
LAEUNA DE TAAL is a subdivision with lake club amenities. It has an area of 156,005.00 square meters and contains 130 residential lots and 3 commercial lots, Laeuna de Taal is located at Barangay Banga, Talisay, Batangas.
HORIZON CONDOMINIUM (Hi-Lands Prime Incorporated) Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
BALAI ISABEL MEMBERSHIP CLUB, located at Brgy Banga, Talisay, Batangas.
HIGHLANDS PRIME (PUEBLO REAL) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
BELLE CORP. (LAKESIDE FAIRWAYS) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
PINE CREST SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
SIERA LAGO SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
BELLE VIEW SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
KEW GARDEN SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
TEREZZAS DE ALANA SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
YUME SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
COTSWOLD SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
LAKESIDE ENCLAVE SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
KATSURA SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
TIVOLI PLACE SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
SYCAMORE HEIGHT SUBDIVISION residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas.
b. The Church of San Guillermo
The construction of the church was ordered by Spanish friars in 1892. San Guillermo church; however, was heavily damaged in 1898. Restorations have enabled the structure to be functional until today.
c. The Karakol Festival
The Karakol Festival is among the most important events in the town of Talisay. Karakol or dance to the patron is being done by town-folks to show their devotion to their patron saint, San Guillermo. During the early years that karakol is being held in town, only the elders where participating in this religious dance. But as the years pass, even the young Taliseños are also doing the karakol. Taliseños participate in the Karakol in groups. They are clad in various costumes while gracefully dancing in praise of San Guillermo. This festival is participated by the local Government along with other Government and Non-government organizations. This event takes place on the place month of February.
d. Punla sa Pagunlad (Seedling/Sapling Center)
Talisay is accountable for the largest growth production of seedlings/saplings than in any other town in the country. It is said that almost 80% to 85% of seedlings/saplings that reach other provinces in the Philippines came from Talisay. With a huge production of punla, the local government thought of another festival to celebrate – the PUNLAD Festival. PUNLAD is derived from the phrase “punla sa pag-unlad”. Indeed, the seedlings which the locals are continuously growing contribute to the town’s development and prosperity.
Peace and Order
Generally speaking, peace and order are maintained in the locality. Although there are instances crime-relatedd activities in the municipality, every incident is being under controlled by the able leadership of the Chief of Police and with the assistance and bounteous support of the full force of the Local PNP of Talisay, Batangas. There are no organized or syndicated crime groups operating within the jurisdiction of Talisay. Most crime incidents arise from disputes over property while others are crimes of passion stemming from misunderstanding. Furthermore, this municipality is generally spared of the insurgency problem. There are no incidents of clashes between the government and rebel forces. With these, you can see that there is a harmonious relationship between the Local Chief Executive and his constituents which is the key to a better and brighter future.
Talisay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas and is 86 kilometers away from the Philippine capital Manila. It is located in the north-central area of Batangas, which is located southwest of the island of Luzon. It is bordered by Tagaytay City in the north, the municipality of Laurel to the west, Tanauan City to the east, and a vast volcanic lake called Taal Lake to the south. Talisay is located in an out-of-the-way location and may be considered as a “cul-de-sac” relative to other sites.
Existing Conditions of Roads and Bridges
The total road network of the municipality of Talisay, Batangas is approximately 73.12 kilometers which are classified into four categories namely National, Provincial, Municipal, and Barangay roads. The barangay roads constitute the majority of the total kilometers of the road having an approximate length of 34.75 kilometers. The national road has a total length of 27.12 kilometers. As to the type of pavement used, the road is predominantly made of concrete pavement which constitutes about 88.5%, while the rest (11.5%) is made of earth. The national road network is being supplemented by 16 existing bridges namely: Angasin Bridges-Aya, Bignay-Aya, Quiling I, Quiling II, Laurel Bridge-Tumaway, Banga I-Banga, Banga II-Banga, Banga III-Banga, Banga IV-Banga, Sta. Maria I, Sta. Maria II, Sta. Maria III, Buco Bridge, Caloocan Bridge, Reinforced Concrete Box Culvert (RCBC)-Balas I, and Reinforced Concrete Box Culvert (RCBC)-Balas II
Mode of Transportation
The major land-based mode of transportation used by the residents of Talisay is jeepneys. The number of public utility jeepneys servicing the residents of Talisay is about 800 and there are four jeepney terminals in Talisay which are located in Barangay Sampaloc and Barangay Zone 6 (Public Market) for Talisay-Tanauan Route. Terminals are operational from 3 AM (first trip) up to 11 PM (last trip). Private vans are also available for rent in Talisay. Bicycle, motorized and non-motorized tricycles are used for intra- barangay travel by the local residents of Talisay. These tricycles also compete with the jeepneys and ply the national roads resulting to slow movement of traffic, especially during rush hour.
Motorboats transport people and goods of Talisay particularly going to Pulo of San Isidro and Tabla.
Current Traffic Conditions
Based on the Philippine Highway Capacity Manual, the current road capacity of major roads of Talisay is estimated to be 1, 800pcphpl for road carriageway between 6.6m to 7.3m and 1, 200pcphpl for carriageway 6m or less. Based on actual observation, the municipality’s major road network is operating near its capacity, especially during peak hours. Traffic congestions are common during peak hour periods along the stretch of the National Road at Poblacion from 07:00 until 08:30 in the morning and between 04:30 pm to 05:30 pm. The secondary roads of Talisay are incapacitated during heavy rains. The major road networks of Talisay are considered close to capacity with limited space for road widening particularly Talisay-Tagaytay Road and Poblacion Roads. This suggests and implementation of better and more aggressive traffic management measures to accelerate its economic development. Various road improvements and widening must be put in place such that pedestrian-related accidents could also be reduced. Likewise, street lighting must be provided especially in major road intersections to minimize vehicular accidents.
Determinant of Development Needs
At present, Talisay’s road network is considerably sufficient although its necessity for improvement to facilitate the movement of goods and services from large commercial areas is encouraged; other roads are gravel filled and even become impassable during the rainy season that which is more aggravated by poor drainage causing flood to the roadways. These roads need improvement.
The primary electric power provider the Municipality of Talisay is the BATELEC 2. Based from BATELEC 2 data, the municipality household electrification statics of Talisay as of 2015 shows that has a total number of potential household of 8,902 and the actual number of household connection is 7,412 where in total number of household served is 83.27%. And about unserved 16.73% household in Talisay either use Gas/Kerosene Lamp/Candle as their source of light during night time.
Deep wells and spring Developments are the primary sources of the water supply. Several barangays are now in level III (House to House connections). The Level II (Communal Water Distribution System) in Poblacion will soon be activated. Pressure pumps are common among Poblacion households and other parts of low-lying barangays. As of 2015, 5,303 households served have a water supply of L2/L3 type water resources. The said types of water supply all of 21 barangays in the municipality.
Based on 2015 data, there are 2,026 L2 Type installed in 4 barangays, and 3,277 L3 Type installed in 17 barangays, The rest of the households (58.2%) which are not connected to the piped water system or obtain water from deep wells, get through the following means: 1) buy water from connected households, 2) water ration, 3) rainwater and 4) spring/river.
The existing available means of communication in the municipality of Talisay are postal service, telegraph, telephone and radio facilities, and cellular phones. The office of the Postal Services is located in Barangay Poblacion and is manned by One (1) Postmaster, and One (1) mail sorter/postal clerk. The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) is the only telephone communication business in the town distributed among residential, commercial, industrial, government, and private entities.
Talisay has two radio communication networks; one is being used by the Office of the Municipal Mayor and the other one by the Philippine National Police. The networks provide expeditious means of communication with other municipalities and other law enforcement units in the province and in the archipelago. Cellular mobile phone users have increased significantly in the municipality because of access and affordability. Their numbers cannot be easily determined due to the constant increase of users over time. There are many cellular towers of simply cell sites located within or proximate to the municipality of Talisay. At present, these cell sites are GLOBE cell site in Barangay Zone 3, the SMART cell site, Touch Mobile and SUN cell site in Barangay Tumaway. Planet Cable Network, Inc., Cable Max Broad Band Solutions, Inc., and Aiconn Trading Inc. (Cignal Cable) are cable TV companies operating in Talisay.
Plans are afoot to construct a fish port located near the completed multi-million public market project at Poblacion. A temporary boat-docking terminal has been established at the Poblacion Shore area.