The Municipality of Talisay, Batangas is consisted of 21 barangays, eight of which are located in Poblacion (Town Proper), covering a total land area of 2822.0 has. (28.22 sq.km.). It is bounded on the North by the City of Tagaytay, on the east by the City of Tanauan, on the South by Taal Lake and Volcano Island and Southwest by the Municipality of Laurel.
TOPOGRAPHY / PHYSIOGRAPHY
The main topographic feature of Batangas Province is the Taal Volcano, which is part of the Western Luzon Volcanic Front that extends northward to Mariveles, Mt. Natib and Mt. Pinatubo. The volcano, which is surrounded by a lake has a crater island in it.
Locally, the rugged and undulating terrain is common on all slopes form the Tagaytay Ridge down to the lake of Talisay. Talisay is suited along the lakefront and its topography is a longitudinal traversing of many minor ridges and drainage basins (valleys).
Local lithology is the result of various eruptions of Taal Volcano. The oldest rock is a Pliocene to recent solidified lava of basaltic to andesitic composition and pyroclastic rocks that are composed of blocks or fragment of volcano rocks embedded in volcanic ash or fine ejecta.
Pleistocene sedimentary rocks overlie the volcanic rock and are composed of tuff ( lithified volcanic ash ) and mixture of pumice and cinders.
The youngest rock formation is the recent alluvium which consist of unconsolidated gravel, sand, silt and clay in varying proportion deposited in rivers and their tributaries as well in the low-lying lakeshore.
TECTONICS AND SEISMICITY
The fault-related tectonic earthquake generator and trench or seduction zones that may cause earthquakes are identified as:
The Philippine Fault
Lubang Fault or Verde Island Transform Fault
Marikina Valley Fault System
East Luzon Trench
Taal Volcano erupted 33 times from 1572 until its last eruption in 1977. The center of eruption within historical times shifted from the main crater to different places within the island and Taal Lake.
There are generally two types of soil area. The TAAL LOAM found along the lakeshore areas and the TAGAYTAY LOAM in the steeper terrain’s. They are generally characterized as having considerable amount of VOLCANIC EJECTA.
a) The most common species which were found along river banks and steeps slopes were species belonging to the family of Moraceae such as Tibig (Ficus nota), Hauili ( Ficus septica), and Tangisang Bayawak ( Ficus variegata ) as well as Takip – asin (Mallotus grandifloral) which are always the first one to colonized an open area or the so-called pioneer species and are usually characterized by broad leaves and high tolerance to sunlight.
b) There were several kaingin areas noted in Paliparan Aya, Most of the areas were abandoned and are now being colonized by cogon.
The Municipality has 21 barangays, eight of them composed the Town proper, the urban area, known as barangay’s I – VIII. There are three upland barangays, located at the mountains at northern portion of the municipality, namely Barangays, San Guillermo, Miranda and Tranca. The rest are within the lakeshore area and traversed by the National road. They are barangays Aya, Quiling, Tumaway (all located east of Poblacion) Banga, Sta. Maria, Balas, Buco, Caloocan, Leynes and Sampaloc (All in the west of Poblacion). There used to be another barangay ( the 22nd) located at Volcano Island, called barangay Pulo, if not for the declaration of no man’s land (protected area) due to frequent volcanic activities of Taal, the smallest and one of the most active volcanoes on earth.
The municipality in general has two distinct seasons, wet and dry seasons. Wet or rainy season usually occurs during the months of May until November, whereas, it is hot or dry season the rest of the year, with the months of March, April as the hottest period. December to February are considered as the coldest period, and temperature during this cool period averaged about 25 °C – 28°C. Hottest months usually register an average of about 33°C – 35°C.
The monthly average rainfall amount ranges from 7.4 mm in the month of February to 342.8 mm in July while the annual rainfall is 1962.5 mm. The greatest rainfall amount was recorded at 499.2 mm on May 21, 1976.
Occasional heavy rainfall episodes occur in the area due to localized thunderstorm activities since the area is relatively near Mt. Makiling.
Based on the NSO Census 2007, Talisay has a total population of 39,120 as of the present year. Majority of income earners are employed outside of the municipality, mostly in Metro Manila. Local residents are almost known to each other, creating a friendly atmosphere almost within the entire municipality. And as the Filipinos are known for hospitality is evident and is still widely being practiced here. There are 7,925 households.
The religious affiliations of the populace is dominated by catholic then followed by Born Again Christians, Protestants, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah’s Witness, Seventh Day Adventist and Aglipay.
Catholic followers have also different sectors to include Family Life Apostolate, Knight of Columbus, Legion of Mary, Apostolado ng Panalangin, Catholic Women’s League, Catholic Charismatic Movement and Cursillo Movement.
Illiteracy is not generally a threat to this municipality. There are nine (9) public schools for elementary level and one (1) public school and three (3) private school for Secondary level three (3) public school and nine (9) for kinder and pre-elementary school which provides our not so well-off families to continue their studies through the guidance and assistance of our efficient instructors who are very determined in their field of work.
Tagalog and English are the most commonly used communications languages. Talisay has a very high literacy rate and communication poses no integral problem.
a) Road Network
The 25-km. National road traversing the municipality is entirely in good conditions. These are the Tanauan-Talisay-Agoncillo Circumferencial National road and Tanauan-Talisay-Tagaytay; road artery had been recently rehabilitated extensively and entirely concrete-paved.
100% of municipal roads are cement-paved. Barangay roads are cemented except for certain portions of Barangay road located uplands, which are scheduled to be rehabilitated within this year.
Jeepney has been very common public land transport in the area that is roughly about 800 number. Other means of public transportation are bicycles and tricycles.
c) Power Supply
The entire municipality is totally energized and being serviced by Batangas Electric Coop. II of which one 100% of the total households are members.
Deep wells and Spring Developments are the primary sources of water supply. Several barangays are now in Level III (House to House connections). The Level II (Communal Water Distribution System) in Poblacion will soon be activated. Pressure pumps are common among Poblacion households and other parts of low-lying barangays.
In Talisay, specific gravity of wells ranges from 0.16 to 2.06 liters per second per meter of draw down (lps/m).
The specific gravity is 2.00 lps/m for the shallow well and 1.85 lps/m for the deeper well.
These water requirements will be obtained from tube-wells that will be installed by the proponent.
2. Water Quality
The surface water belongs to Class B category as the waters can be used for recreational purposes. It is intended for primary contact recreation such as bathing, swimming, skin diving, etc.
Sewage is not discharged into rivers since houses are provided with individual septic tank. The river is primary used for bathing and laundry purposes.
3. Fresh Water Biology
The most common fish species observed are tilapia fingerlings.
Taal Lake is the third largest lake in the country following.
Laguna and Lanao Lake. It is more than 27 kilometers long north to south and about 20 kilometers wide east to west. It circumference approximately 120 kilometers and has varying depth from shallow waters to about 200 meters deep.
The pH value of the lake is from neutral to slightly alkaline having a pH of 7.4 to 8.9. It was classified as Class “B” by the National Pollution Control Commission (NPCC) that can be used for bathing and fishing. It was also observed that the lake is used for recreational purposes such as jet skiing, swimming, water skiing, etc.
Taal lake is also known to be the only source of freshwater sardine in the Philippines known as Tawilis. This kind of fish species accounts 78% of the total annual fish catch therefore it is being targeted by major group of fisherman.
Among the meteorology system affecting the climatic parameters are the northeast monsoon ( amihan), cold front, thunderstorms, Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), easterly waves, southeast monsoon (habagat) and tropical cyclones.
Thunderstorms are localized weather disturbance which are quite common in Tagaytay and Batangas due to topography and proximity to bodies of water.
Percentage water vapor amount in the air ranges in monthly values from 69% to 83% with an annual average of 77%.
2. Ambient Air Condition
There are no pollutive industries both rural and urban areas at present. The vehicular traffic in major thoroughfare and the unpaved secondary roads contribute to the concentration of NOx, SOx and air-borne particulate matter.
Plans are afoot to construct a fish landing area force located near the completed multi-million public market project at Poblacion. A temporary boat-docking terminal has been established presently at the Poblacion Shore area.
- Talisay Rural Health Center
- St. Andrew Medical Clinic
- JRC Medical Clinic
- Talisay Drugstore & Gen. Merchandise
- Botica De Leon Drugstore
- Andrei Drugstore
There is only one existing market, the Talisay Public Market, where one can avail of fresh fish (TILAPIA, TAWILIS, MALIPUTO) and agricultural products every day. Basic commodities can be had almost daily. There is a wide spread propagation of TILAPIA CULTURE in this town which provides our local inhabitants job opportunities and generates additional income in the municipality.
At Brgy. Banga, majority of the households there are engaged in a flourishing industry, the artificial flower making. This lucrative business has been going on there for several decades now and is widely known all over the land. If one find artificial headdress, bouquets and other wedding accessories, chances are, they came from this place since most of the Manila-based distributors particularly in Binondo and Divisoria area get their supplies here. There is a possibility that these distributors are exporting these handicrafts abroad.
There is now an economic activity steadily gaining grounds in Talisay because of the profitability and ever growing demands: THE PLANT PROPAGATION.
TALISAY has been the main supplier of several varieties of fruit bearing trees for more than a decade now. With the resident’s expertise in plant propagation, almost all regional offices and multitude of private entities are getting their plants and trees from this municipality. More and more residents are now engage in this productive activity. In fact, almost every available space in every barangay is now occupied by thousand of plants and seedlings. Others have extended their trade to ornamental plant propagation. The thriving business definitely augmented the economic well being of the residents.
There is now the prevailing notion that whenever one sees trucks upon trucks of seedlings and plants everywhere these days, chances are, they are from Talisay.
For environmental consciousness, Talisay can very well provide the country with the necessary plants and trees. With all these livelihood projects the local townsfolk have, definitely, Talisay can very well prosper and be as progressive as ever because of SELF-RELIANCE and CREATIVITY of its people and its municipal government.
- PALM RIDGE POINTE being developed by Fil-Estate Realty and Development located at Brgy. Sta. Maria. This is first class residential village nestled on 52 hectares hilltops and rolling terrain overlookingTaalLake. It would offer first class facilities/amenities including a golf club that could rival even the best in the entire archipelago with its scenic and majestic beauty location.
- The TAGAYTAY MIDLANDS by BELLE Corporation located at the eastern portion of the municipality covering four barangays namely Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca and Tumaway.
The total land area encompassed six hundred (600) hectares were divided into 2 phases : Construction of GOLF COURSE AREA and development of needed utilities such as electricity, water sewerage, telephone and of a funicular transport system and construction and completion of an 18 hole golf course, country clubhouse and ancillary facilities with 400 units of high rise and low level condominiums.
- TAAL BUENAVISTA LAKEVIEW HEIGHTS is a Farm Lot Subdivision being developed by LEDESCO INC. located at Brgy. Aya, Talisay, Batangas. The to land area is about a gross area of 317,007 sq./mtr.
- ST. PIERRE HOMES being developed by LGTM CORPORATION located at Brgy. San Guillermo, Talisay, Batangas. The total land area is about 64,681 square meter. It is located within the geographical location of 140 05’ 22” north latitude and 1210 00’ 14” east longtitude and only about 3 kilometers south ofTaalLake. It is bounded on the north byCavite national road, on the south byTaalLake and on the southwest by Palm Ridge Subdivision. This is a 293 units residential subdivision which is merely intended for socialized housing.
- LAEUNA DE TAAL is a subdivision with Lake Club Amenity, having an area of 156,005.00 square meters, containing 130 residential lots and 3 commercial lots, located at Barangay Banga, Talisay, Batangas.
- HORIZON CONDOMINIUM ( Hi-Lands Prime Incorporated ) Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas
- BALAI ISABEL MEMBERSHIP CLUB, located at Brgy Banga, Talisay, Batangas
- HIGHLANDS PRIME (PUEBLO REAL) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Tranca, Talisay, Batangas
- BELLE CORP. (LAKESIDE FAIRWAYS) residential/commercial, located at Brgy. Aya, Quiling, Tranca, Talisay, Batangas
PEACE AND ORDER
Generally speaking, peace and order is not a substantial problem in the locality. Although, there are instances of crime related activities in the municipality, every incident is being under controlled by the able leadership of our Chief of Police and with the assistance and bounteous support of the full force of the Local PNP of Talisay, Batangas.
There are no organized or syndicated crime groups operating within the jurisdiction of Talisay. Most crime incidents arise from disputes over property while others are crimes of passion stemming from misunderstanding.
Furthermore, this municipality is generally spared of the insurgency problem. There are no incidents of clashes between the government and rebel forces. With these, you can see that there is a harmonious relationship between the Local Chief Executive and his constituents which is the key to a better and brighter future.